Agreement Between Subject And Verb Pdf

agreement between subject and verb pdf

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The subject-verb agreement can be defined as the agreement of a subject and its corresponding verb in a sentence in reference to the number.

Subject-Verb Agreement: Rules & Examples

Although you are probably already familiar with basic subject-verb agreement, this chapter begins with a quick review of basic agreement rules. Thus, if a subject is singular, its verb must also be singular; if a subject is plural, its verb must also be plural. These agreement rules do not apply to verbs used in the simple past tense without any helping verbs. They do NOT apply to any other helping verbs, such as can, could, shall, should, may, might, will, would, must. Now click on the link below to do exercise 1.

Link to Exercise 1 The remainder of this teaching unit deals with some more advanced subject-verb agreement rules and with exceptions to the original subject-verb agreement rule Compound Subject The word compound means made up of two or more parts.

Compound nouns can function as a compound subject. However, instead of using two sentences as above , we may choose to give the above information in one sentence. This sentence makes use of a compound subject two subject nouns joined by and , illustrating a new rule about subject-verb agreement. Although each part of the compound subject is singular ranger and camper , taken together joined by and , each one becomes a part of a plural structure and, therefore, must take a plural verb see to agree in the sentence.

You can check the verb by substituting the pronoun they for the compound subject. This sentence makes use of a compound subject two subject nouns joined together by or. Each part of the compound subject ranger, camper is singular. This compound subject, therefore, requires a singular verb to agree with it.

Note: Two or more plural subjects joined by or or nor would naturally take a plural verb to agree. However, or and nor can pose a more difficult problem. Thus far we have been working with compound subjects whose individual parts are both either singular or plural. What form of a verb should be used in this case? Should the verb be singular to agree with one word?

Or should the verb be plural to agree with the other? Solution: 1. If the individual parts of the compound subject are joined by and, always use a plural verb. If the individual parts of the compound subject are joined by or or nor, use the verb form singular or plural which will agree with the subject closer to the verb. Now click on the link below to do exercise 2. Link to Exercise 2 Group Nouns Some nouns which name groups can be either singular or plural depending upon their meaning in individual sentences.

Because they can describe either the individuals in the group more than one plural , or the group as a single entity one only singular , these nouns pose special problems. However, there are some guidelines for deciding which verb form singular or plural to use with one of these nouns as the subject in a sentence. If we refer to the group as a whole and, therefore, as a single unit, we consider the noun singular.

In this case, we use a singular verb. If, on the other hand, we are actually referring to the individuals within the group, then we consider the noun plural. In this case, we use a plural verb. Thus, there are three important subject verb agreement rules to remember when a group noun is used as the subject: 1. Group nouns can be considered as a single unit, and, thus, take a singular verb. Group nouns can be considered as individual members within a single unit and, thus, take a plural verb.

Group nouns can be given plural forms to mean two or more units and, thus, take a plural verb. Even though these nouns APPEAR to be plural because they end in s, they actually refer to only one thing made up of smaller, uncounted parts. Therefore, they are considered singular. You can see that substituting that pronoun it instead of they makes more sense here. Another group of plural form nouns end in ics.

Similarly, it is a more suitable substitute for any of these words than is they. These nouns appear to be plural end in s , but generally refer to only one thing and are, therefore, generally considered singular. NOTE: Occasionally, however, the ics nouns can have a plural meaning: We can speak about individual parts of these wholes.

In this case, we apply the same rule as applies to group nouns when we consider the individual members within the group see Section 3.

Note the difference in meaning and, therefore, in the verb chosen singular or plural between the two uses of the ics noun, statistics. Now click on the link below to do exercise 4. Link to Exercise 4 Indefinite pronouns can pose special problems in subject verb agreement. The difficulty is that some indefinite pronouns sound plural when they are really singular. Look at them closely. Now click on the link below to do exercise 5. Link to Exercise 5 So far we have considered subjects that can cause subject-verb agreement confusion: compound subjects, group noun subjects, plural form singular meaning subjects, and indefinite subjects.

The remainder of this teaching unit examines subject verb agreement problems that can result from word placement in sentences.

There are four main problems: prepositional phrases, clauses beginning with who, that, or which, sentences beginning with here or there, and questions. In the above example, the singular verb is agrees with the singular subject boy. Sometimes, however, a prepositional phrase inserted between the subject and verb makes agreement more difficult. Car is the singular subject. Was is the singular helping verb which agrees with car.

If we arent careful, however, we may mistakenly label riders as the subject since it is nearer to the verb than car is. If we choose the plural noun, riders, we will incorrectly select the plural verb were.

Solution to the Prepositional Phrase Problem 1. Learn the major prepositions see page Be alert for prepositional phrases placed between the subject and verb, and identify the noun in the phrase immediately as the object of a preposition: An object of a preposition can NEVER be a sentence subject. Locate the true sentence subject and choose a verb which agrees with it.

The number of these subject words IS affected by a prepositional phrase between the subject and verb. Now click on the link below to do exercise 6. Now click on the link below to do exercise 7. After all that you have learned already, you will undoubtedly find this topic a relatively easy one! The verb in such constructions is obviously is or are.

In this example, because the subject, book, is singular, the verb must also be singular. If the subject is plural, however, then the verb must be plural. In this example, because the subject, books, is plural, the verb is also plural. And finally, sometimes creating a question will cause the subject to follow the verb as well. Here, identify the subject and then choose the verb that agrees with it singular or plural.

Open navigation menu. Close suggestions Search Search. User Settings. Skip carousel. Carousel Previous. Carousel Next. What is Scribd? Subject - Verb Agreement. Date uploaded Nov 04, Did you find this document useful? Is this content inappropriate? Report this Document. Description: Subject - Verb Agreement - English grammar. Flag for inappropriate content. Download now. Save Save Subject - Verb Agreement.

Related titles. Carousel Previous Carousel Next. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Benner All rights reserved. Or and nor as joiners work somewhat differently from and. Look at this sentence. Of course group nouns, like other nouns, can also appear in plural forms with an s.

Thus, it uses a plural verb. Now click on the link below to do exercise 3. These should be easy to remember.

Rules of Subject-Verb Agreement and Their Examples [PDF]

Although you are probably already familiar with basic subject-verb agreement, this chapter begins with a quick review of basic agreement rules. Thus, if a subject is singular, its verb must also be singular; if a subject is plural, its verb must also be plural. These agreement rules do not apply to verbs used in the simple past tense without any helping verbs. They do NOT apply to any other helping verbs, such as can, could, shall, should, may, might, will, would, must. Now click on the link below to do exercise 1.

Although you are probably already familiar with basic subject-verb agreement, this chapter begins with a quick review of basic agreement rules. Thus, if a subject is singular, its verb must also be singular; if a subject is plural, its verb must also be plural. These agreement rules do not apply to verbs used in the simple past tense without any helping verbs. The agreement rules do, however, apply to the following helping verbs when they are used with a main verb: is-are , was-were , has-have , does-do. They do NOT apply to any other helping verbs, such as can, could, shall, should, may, might, will, would, must. Now click on the link below to do exercise 1. Link to Exercise 1.

Thus, if a subject is singular, its verb must also be singular; if a subject is plural, its verb must also be plural. In present tenses, nouns and verbs form plurals in opposite ways:. Here are nine subject-verb agreement rules. A phrase or clause between subject and verb does not change the number of the subject. Indefinite pronouns as subjects. Sugar is uncountable ; therefore, the sentence has a singular verb. Marbles are countable ; therefore, the sentence has a plural verb.

Verb Subject Agreement Rules Pdf

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A singular subject takes singular verb:. Even the comparatively diminutive Grammar Smart devotes five pages including quizzes to the topic. One thing that confuses writers is a long, complicated subject. The writer gets lost in it and forgets which noun is actually the head of the subject phrase and instead makes the verb agree with the nearest noun:.

Subject-Verb Agreement

The relation between the subject and verb depends on two issues: person and number. The verb of a sentence must be in agreement with the subject in regard to person and number. The number of the subject can be singular and plural. The verb must be singular if the subject is singular and the verb must be plural if the subject is plural.

Coordinates-ConcordeIf two themes are linked, the verb to be used should be plural. All this is about the 24 rules of concord in the use of the English language. The subordinate clauses that come between the subject and the verb have no influence on their agreement. When the collective noun performs an action, a plural verb follows, but if not, there is a singular verb.

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