Biogeography And Taxonomy Of Honeybees Pdf

biogeography and taxonomy of honeybees pdf

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Western honey bee

The western honey bee or European honey bee Apis mellifera is the most common of the 7—12 species of honey bees worldwide. Like all honey bee species, the western honey bee is eusocial , creating colonies with a single fertile female or " queen " , many normally non-reproductive females or "workers", and a small proportion of fertile males or " drones ". Individual colonies can house tens of thousands of bees. Colony activities are organized by complex communication between individuals, through both pheromones and the dance language. The western honey bee was one of the first domesticated insects, and it is the primary species maintained by beekeepers to this day for both its honey production and pollination activities. With human assistance, the western honey bee now occupies every continent except Antarctica. Western honey bees are threatened by pests and diseases , especially the Varroa mite and colony collapse disorder.

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Biogeography and Taxonomy of Honeybees

Here we performed a morphometric analysis of dwarf honey bee Apis florea F. Between the two provinces, Jubail is further north and is closer to sea level, and data showed that during the collection period, Jubail experienced significantly higher humidity. Compared to workers from the Jubail province, workers from Al-Ahsa province showed significantly higher body weight, measured head appendage characteristics, wing characteristics apart from hindwing width , leg characteristics, and length and width of the 3 rd abdominal sternite and 1 st wax mirror. Body weight as found to be significantly positively correlated with all determined characteristics, except for flagellum length, hindwing width, 3 rd tergite length, and lengths of the 4 th tergite and sternite. It can be concluded that body weight and morphometric characteristics of dwarf honey bee workers were significantly affected by geographic origin.

A honey bee also spelled honeybee is a eusocial flying insect within the genus Apis of the bee clade , all native to Eurasia. They are known for their construction of perennial colonial nests from wax , the large size of their colonies, and surplus production and storage of honey , distinguishing their hives as a prized foraging target of many animals, including honey badgers , bears and human hunter-gatherers. Only eight surviving species of honey bee are recognized, with a total of 43 subspecies , though historically 7 to 11 species are recognized. Honey bees represent only a small fraction of the roughly 20, known species of bees. The best known honey bee is the western honey bee Apis mellifera , which has been domesticated for honey production and crop pollination ; the only other domesticated bee is the eastern honey bee Apis cerana , which occurs in South Asia. Some other types of related bees produce and store honey, and have been kept by humans for that purpose, including the stingless bees , but only members of the genus Apis are true honey bees. Modern humans also value the wax for use in making candles , soap , lip balms , and various cosmetics.

The subsequent poly-hy Apis mellifera scutellata Lepeletier Hymenoptera: Apidae is one of a number of subspecies of A. The subspecies can be divided by their native continents as follows. Those originating in Europe include: carnica, caucasica, cecropia, cypria, iberiensis, ligustica, mellifera, remipes, ruttneri and sicula. Those originating in Africa include: adansonii, bandasii, capensis, intermissa, lamarcki, jemenitica, litoria, major, monticola, nubica, sahariensis, scutellata , unicolor and woyi-gambell. Those originating in the Middle East and Asia include: adamii, armeniaca, anatolica, macedonica, meda, pomonella and syriaca. This datasheet includes data on pure Apis mellifera scutellata from its native range, but mostly on the invasive polyhybrid between A.


Front Matter Pages I-XII PDF · Honeybees of the World Front Matter Pages PDF The Genus Apis Friedrich Ruttner · The Western Honeybee Apis mellifera L.


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