List Of Scientists And Their Inventions In India Pdf

list of scientists and their inventions in india pdf

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Thomas Edison liked to say that he never failed. He succeeded every now and again with an invention that would change the world. The rest of the time, he tried thousands of other things with only one fault—that they would never work. Ranking innovations is more art than science.

Top 10 Indian physicists: Interesting facts to know about these scholars

This list of Indian inventions and discoveries details the inventions, scientific discoveries and contributions of India, including the ancient, classical and post-classical nations in the subcontinent historically referred to as India and the modern Indian state. It draws from the whole cultural and technological history of India, during which architecture , astronomy , cartography , metallurgy , logic , mathematics , metrology and mineralogy were among the branches of study pursued by its scholars.

For the purposes of this list, inventions are regarded as technological firsts developed in India, and as such does not include foreign technologies which India acquired through contact. It also does not include technologies or discoveries developed elsewhere and later invented separately in India, nor inventions by Indian emigres in other places.

Changes in minor concepts of design or style and artistic innovations do not appear on in the lists. India's urban civilisation is traceable to Mohenjodaro and Harappa, now in Pakistan, where planned urban communities existed 5, years ago. From then on, the ancient Indian architecture and civil engineering continued to develop and grow. It found manifestation in the construction of temples, palaces and forts on the Indian peninsula and the neighbouring regions.

In ancient India, architecture and construction as Sthapatya Kala known literal translation of which the art of constructing some means.

Achieved during the period of Kushan Empire and Maurya empires, the Indian architecture and construction in regions such as Baluchistan and Afghanistan. Statues of Buddha were cut and covers entire mountain walls and cliffs, like Buddhas of Bamiyan, Afghanistan.

Angkor Wat is a living testimony to the contribution of Indian civil engineering and architecture of the Cambodian Khmer heritage in the field of architecture and construction. A total of weights were excavated from Mohenjodaro, Harappa, and Chanhu-daro , not including defective weights. They did not find statistically significant differences between weights that were excavated from five different layers, each about 1.

This was evidence that strong control existed for at least a year period. The The notation was based on the binary and decimal systems. In fact, the Indian astronomers in the third or fourth century, using a pre-Ptolemaic Greek table of chords, produced tables of sines and versines, from which it was trivial to derive cosines. This new system of trigonometry, produced in India, was transmitted to the Arabs in the late eighth century and by them, in an expanded form, to the Latin West and the Byzantine East in the twelfth century.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article. See also: History of science and technology in the Indian subcontinent , List of inventions and discoveries of the Indus Valley Civilisation , and Timeline of Indian innovation. See also: Indian mathematics.

Characterization of corrosion products on steel surfaces. Retrieved 27 May The Basis of Civilization - Water Science? Retrieved 5 August Bibcode : Natur. Archived from the original on 11 February Retrieved 23 July Archived from the original PDF on 23 September Retrieved 13 April Archived from the original on 3 February Two Damascus swords and surface markings".

Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D. South African Archaeological Bulletin. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa. M, Massimo May John; Gorelick, Leonard The Biblical Archaeologist. John; Gorelick, L. Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt. Retrieved 11 May Penn Museum. Retrieved 31 July Retrieved 29 August Brown University Alpert School of Medicine.

Times Now. Times of India. Archived from the original on 18 November Retrieved 5 January The Huffington Post. Applied Optics. Bibcode : ApOpt.. Archived 27 September at the Wayback Machine , National Aeronautical Laboratory and Indian Institute of Science"Hyder Ali, prince of Mysore, developed war rockets with an important change: the use of metal cylinders to contain the combustion powder.

Although the hammered soft iron he used was crude, the bursting strength of the container of black powder was much higher than the earlier paper construction. Thus a greater internal pressure was possible, with a resultant greater thrust of the propulsive jet. The rocket body was lashed with leather thongs to a long bamboo stick.

Range was perhaps up to three-quarters of a mile more than a kilometre. Although individually these rockets were not accurate, dispersion error became less important when large numbers were fired rapidly in mass attacks. They were particularly effective against cavalry and were hurled into the air, after lighting, or skimmed along the hard dry ground. Hyder Ali's son, Tippu Sultan , continued to develop and expand the use of rocket weapons, reportedly increasing the number of rocket troops from 1, to a corps of 5, In battles at Seringapatam in and these rockets were used with considerable effect against the British.

Retrieved 14 July Encyclopaedia of Indian Archaeology Vol. Edited by Amalananda Ghosh Bibcode : PNAS Journal of Bacteriology. Control of Transcription. Basic Life Sciences. Retrieved 28 September Chakrabarty U. Justia Law. Students' Britannica India Vol. Mumbai: Popular Prakashan. Chess: Ancient precursors and related games. Chess: Introduction to Europe. Cowboys Full: The Story of Poker. Cambridge University Press. Schwartz 5 October Roll the bones: the history of gambling. Gotham Books.

Jewelrymaking Through History: An Encyclopedia. Greenwood Publishing Group. An encyclopaedia of the history of technology. Wayne; Cothren, J. Tom Cotton: Origin, History, Technology, and Production. The first improvement in spinning technology was the spinning wheel, which was invented in India between and A. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.

July—September Asian Affairs. Retrieved 14 February Accessed in September Meditations of First Philosophy. Retrieved 9 January Yale Center for the Study of Globalization. Archived from the original on 25 August

Inventions and Discoveries List

Not all of history's most significant scientists were college graduates when they began their works. In fact, history is full of scientists who have shaped the world due to their work as teenagers. If they were disregarded simply because of their age, many things we take for granted today may not exist. Through their own determination and thirst for knowledge, these teenagers impacted the world far greater than they would realize long after their deaths. Isaac Newton - During Newton's formative years, it was common place for the young man to develop various devices while attending school. His devotion to studies and high marks in school were impressive to many.


Prafulla Chandra Ray. Famous academician and chemist, known for being the founder of Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals, India's first pharmaceutical company. Salim Ali. Srinivasa Ramanujan. C. V. Raman. Homi Jehangir Bhabha. Jagadish Chandra Bose. A.P.J. S.S.


14 Indian Scientists Who Changed The World. And Things You Probably Didn’t Know About Them!

This list of Indian inventions and discoveries details the inventions, scientific discoveries and contributions of India, including the ancient, classical and post-classical nations in the subcontinent historically referred to as India and the modern Indian state. It draws from the whole cultural and technological history of India, during which architecture , astronomy , cartography , metallurgy , logic , mathematics , metrology and mineralogy were among the branches of study pursued by its scholars. For the purposes of this list, inventions are regarded as technological firsts developed in India, and as such does not include foreign technologies which India acquired through contact.

Scientists are persons of great minds, who ask question about the phenomenon and systematically answer the question themselves. No doubt, they are curious, creative and well organised. They have the ability to observe new things in a different way. Their discoveries have change the world and gave it a new dimension. It is correctly said by George C.

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Top 10 Indian Mathematicians & their inventions

How often do we take out the time to think about those extra ordinary minds who made life easier for us? Raman also worked on the acoustics of musical instruments. He was the first to investigate the harmonic nature of the sound of the Indian drums such as the tabla and the mridangam. He discovered that, when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes in wavelength.

Jump to navigation. There have been many physicists whose inventions and contributions have changed the face of science, and India is a proud home to many of them. Their works, methods, procedure and theories are been studied and taught all over the world. We present to you the top 10 Indian physicists and what makes them different:. Sir Chandrashekhar Venkat Raman or C. Raman, as he was called, is remembered for his revolutionary contribution to physics.

From making purchases to allocating your monthly pocket money to measuring quantities while cooking, all of us use math in our day-to-day activities even without realizing it. Further, he worked on the place value system using letters to signify numbers and stating qualities. He also explained how to find the cube and cube-root of an integer and gave rules facilitating the computation of squares and square roots. He made substantial contributions to Hardy-Ramanujan Littlewood circle method in number theory and worked on elliptic functions, continued fractions, partial sums, products of hypergeometric series and infinite series. Besides these, he had also made pioneering studies in the field of anthropometry and had founded the Indian Statistical Institute.

The Industrial Revolution — forever changed the way people in Europe and the United States lived and worked. These inventors and their creations were at the forefront of a new society. The spinning jenny. About James Hargreaves , a poor uneducated spinner and weaver living in Lancashire, England, conceived a new kind of spinning machine that would draw thread from eight spindles simultaneously instead of just one, as in the traditional spinning wheel.

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Throughout human history, scientists have struggled to understand what they see in the night sky.

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