File Name: the cham of vietnam history society and art .zip
- India-Vietnam’s Shared Culture: The Cham Civilization
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- Po Binasuor
India-Vietnam’s Shared Culture: The Cham Civilization
The CPD Blog is intended to stimulate dialog among scholars and practitioners from around the world in the public diplomacy sphere. The opinions represented here are the authors' own and do not necessarily reflect CPD's views.
For blogger guidelines, click here. As the expression of soft power gains currency in the 21st century, it is relevant to note that India has shared culture with several important civilizations with public participation. Interestingly, commerce and trade has followed suit in connecting India to Southeast Asia.
Animistic beliefs, ancestor worship, cosmic perspectives, and pluralistic world view are the main pillars of monsoon Asia, which carry the cultural edifice of India and ASEAN nations. One such highly sophisticated and refined civilization—as far as scientific arguments and research is concerned—is the Champa civilization, also known as the Cham civilization, in Vietnam. Construction, architecture, agriculture, language, religion, traders and sailors are some of the words that come to mind to describe the Cham civilization.
However, the influence of India in the Cham civilization, from archaeology to language, cannot be ignored. In an article for Hinduism Today in , Vrndavan Brannon Parker writes about how the roots of the Cham civilization—which shared a common culture with India—dates back to several thousands of years ago and they are still going strong in Central Vietnam. Builders of cities named Indrapura, Simhapura, Amaravati, Vijaya and Panduranga, these Hindu people and their culture continue to flourish to this day.
Recent explorations suggest that hundreds of ruined sites may line rivers leading into the Central Highlands and beyond to eastern Cambodia and Laos. Da Nang is famous for its world heritage site My Son , which is the origin and home of the Hindu Cham civilization which dates back years, and the ancient temples of their people, constructed by the kings of Champa between the 4th and 13th centuries AD, which also have Buddhist connections.
This further strengthens its ties to India, considering that Buddhism originated in the Indian subcontinent, as President Kovind also pointed out.
A popular video documentary, " Treasures of Champa Kingdom ," state that the Chams were the first civilized society to inhabit Vietnam nearly years ago and it goes on to explain the contours of the ancient Champa kingdom being a loose confederation of kingdoms in coastal Vietnam.
According to research, Robert Stenuit, internationally renowned and award-winning marine archaeologist, has estimated the Chams to have been great sailors and great builders.
Robert also adds that the Chams used to first build their temples with perishable materials but later on with built-in durable bricks. Robert has also stated that the Cham society practiced Shaivite Hinduism. Highly cosmopolitan, this culture was heavily influenced by Hindu beliefs adopted from India. Many of their shrines honor Shiva—often shown as a linga, while their carvings depict all manner of Hindu deities. Hindu doctrines were blended with homegrown beliefs, such as their conviction that they were descended from a goddess named Po Nagar, born from heavenly clouds and seafoam.
Also known as the Mother of the World, she created the earth, trees, and rice and taught people how to live off the land. For a prosperous future, the past must be tapped into.
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A bronze standing Buddha : Sculpted in the Mon Dwaravati style, this bronze statue from the 7th century has an idealized rather than realistic physical form, including shell-like curls for hair. The communities and cultures of Southeast Asia were in direct contact with India through trade routes and were heavily influenced by Indian religion and art. The Pali and Sanskrit languages, Indian script, and Hindu epic literature—such as the Ramayana and the Mahabharata—were transmitted to Southeast Asia during this period. Hinduism and Buddhism were brought to the region and became the main religions practiced from about the 1st century BCE to the 13th century CE. These influences played a considerable role in shaping the art and sculpture of Southeast Asia. Most of the Southeast Asian sculpture of the period — CE was heavily influenced by the style of the Gupta Empire in India, which patronized Buddhist art in the Greco—Buddhist style.
The CPD Blog is intended to stimulate dialog among scholars and practitioners from around the world in the public diplomacy sphere. The opinions represented here are the authors' own and do not necessarily reflect CPD's views. For blogger guidelines, click here. As the expression of soft power gains currency in the 21st century, it is relevant to note that India has shared culture with several important civilizations with public participation. Interestingly, commerce and trade has followed suit in connecting India to Southeast Asia. Animistic beliefs, ancestor worship, cosmic perspectives, and pluralistic world view are the main pillars of monsoon Asia, which carry the cultural edifice of India and ASEAN nations. One such highly sophisticated and refined civilization—as far as scientific arguments and research is concerned—is the Champa civilization, also known as the Cham civilization, in Vietnam.
He was also known as The Red King in Vietnamese stories. Po Binasuor was the last strong king of the kingdom of Champa. All Vietnamese books held in the royal palace were lost. In , Po Binasuor was finally stopped in another invasion of the capital, when his royal barge suffered a musketry salvo. This biography of a member of an Asian royal house is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. This Vietnamese biographical article is a stub.
Meanwhile, with the reunification of Vietnam in –6, Hànoi-based scholars began to study the history and culture Read Online · Download PDF. Save.
Recent studies, however, have convinced that apart from Indian influence, Champa did benefit greatly from other civilization centers, especially China and Middle East. This article, relies on Chinese historical document and the old inscriptions of ancient Champa as well as recent archaeological findings in central Vietnam, aims to shed new light on the diplomatic relations and commercial links between Champa with China and Middle East during the period from the 7 th to the 10 th : Firstly, the tributary trade and diplomacy from Champa to Chinese courts will be taken into account; and secondly, the engagement of Champa in the expansion of Muslim trade network in the Indian Ocean will be examined. I would also like to extend my gratitude to Prof. Bruce Lockhart, Prof.
Part of the Asia in Transition book series AT, volume 2. His academic background is in political and historical sociology.
Главный криптограф АНБ испробовала все - подмену букв, шифровальные квадраты, даже анаграммы. Она пропустила эти слова через компьютер и поставила перед ним задачу переставить буквы в новую фразу. Выходила только абракадабра. Похоже, не один Танкадо умел создавать абсолютно стойкие шифры.
Если я ошиблась, то немедленно ухожу, а ты можешь хоть с головы до ног обмазать вареньем свою Кармен Хуэрту. - Мидж зло посмотрела на него и протянула руку. - Давай ключ. Я жду. Бринкерхофф застонал, сожалея, что попросил ее проверить отчет шифровалки.
Бринкерхофф покачал головой. Человек ничего не сказал, задумался на мгновение, а потом обратился к Сьюзан. - Лиланд Фонтейн, - представился он, протягивая руку.