Principles And Clinical Implications Of The Brain Gut Enteric Microbiota Axis Pdf

principles and clinical implications of the brain gut enteric microbiota axis pdf

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Psychobiotics and the gut–brain axis: in the pursuit of happiness

Despite the bi-directional interaction between gut microbiota and the brain not being fully understood, there is increasing evidence arising from animal and human studies that show how this intricate relationship may facilitate inflammatory bowel disease IBD pathogenesis, with consequent important implications on the possibility to improve the clinical outcomes of the diseases themselves, by acting on the different components of this system, mainly by modifying the microbiota. With the emergence of precision medicine, strategies in which patients with IBD might be categorized other than for standard gut symptom complexes could offer the opportunity to tailor therapies to individual patients. The aim of this narrative review is to elaborate on the concept of the gut-brain-microbiota axis and its clinical significance regarding IBD on the basis of recent scientific literature, and finally to focus on pharmacological therapies that could allow us to favorably modify the function of this complex system. Core tip: The complex interplay between gut microbiota and the brain, and vice versa, has recently become not only the focus of neuroscience, but also the start point for research regarding many diseases such as inflammatory bowel diseases IBD and irritable bowel syndrome. The bi-directional interaction between gut microbiota and the brain is not completely understood. Nonetheless, there is increasing evidence arising from animal and human studies that show how this intricate relationship may contribute to the pathogenesis of IBD, with consequent important implications for the possibility to improve the clinical outcomes of the diseases themselves by acting on the different components of this axis.

Psychobiotics and the gut–brain axis: in the pursuit of happiness

Substantial research has aimed to understand the mechanisms of this interaction and to outline strategies for preventing or treating nervous system—related disturbances. This review explores the evidence demonstrating how the gut microbiome may affect brain function in adults, thereby having an impact on stress, anxiety, depression, and cognition. In vitro, in vivo, and human studies reporting an association between a change in the gut microbiome and functional changes in the brain are highlighted, as are studies outlining the mechanisms by which the brain affects the microbiome and the gastrointestinal tract. Possible modes of action to explain how the gut microbiome and the brain functionally affect each other are proposed.

Key words:. Microbiota regulation of the mammalian gut-brain axis. Microbial ecology and host-microbiota interactions during early life stages. Diet and the development of the human intestinal microbiome. Front Microbiol ;

Figure 1 Microbial-host metabolism and the effect on behavioral function of brain. Microbiota communicate with the gut-brain-axis through different mechanisms viz. Wonder Women Tech not only disrupted the traditional conference model but innovatively changed the way conferences should be held. Citation Download PDF. Page Top Abstract Introduction References.

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