Cro And Function Generator Pdf

cro and function generator pdf

File Name: cro and function generator .zip
Size: 15350Kb
Published: 18.05.2021

Project Mentor: Prof. CRO is a basic instrument employed for the study of several types of waveforms.


A function generator is usually a piece of electronic test equipment or software used to generate different types of electrical waveforms over a wide range of frequencies. Some of the most common waveforms produced by the function generator are the sine wave , square wave, triangular wave and sawtooth shapes. These waveforms can be either repetitive or single-shot which requires an internal or external trigger source. In addition to producing sine waves, function generators may typically produce other repetitive waveforms including sawtooth and triangular waveforms, square waves, and pulses. Another feature included on many function generators is the ability to add a DC offset. Although function generators cover both audio and RF frequencies, they are usually not suitable for applications that need low distortion or stable frequency signals. When those traits are required, other signal generators would be more appropriate.

Familiarization with lab equipment 1 Objectives

An oscilloscope , previously called an oscillograph , [1] [2] and informally known as a scope or o-scope , CRO for cathode-ray oscilloscope , or DSO for the more modern digital storage oscilloscope , is a type of electronic test instrument that graphically displays varying signal voltages , usually as a calibrated two-dimensional plot of one or more signals as a function of time. The displayed waveform can then be analyzed for properties such as amplitude , frequency , rise time , time interval, distortion , and others. Originally, calculation of these values required manually measuring the waveform against the scales built into the screen of the instrument. The oscilloscope can be adjusted so that repetitive signals can be observed as a persistent waveform on the screen. A storage oscilloscope can capture a single event and display it continuously, so the user can observe events that would otherwise appear too briefly to see directly.

An oscilloscope is a very useful piece of electronic test equipment. When monitoring heart beats, what do the two axes horizontal and vertical of the oscilloscope screen represent? In general electronics use, when measuring AC voltage signals, what do the two axes horizontal and vertical of the oscilloscope screen represent? Oscilloscope function is often best learned through interaction. Be sure to have at least one oscilloscope operational in the classroom for student interaction during discussion time. While similar in function to the CRT used in televisions, oscilloscope display tubes are specially built for the purpose of serving an a measuring instrument. Explain how a CRT functions.

Function generator

The CRO stands for a cathode ray oscilloscope. It is typically divided into four sections which are display, vertical controllers, horizontal controllers, and Triggers. Most of the oscilloscopes are used the probes and they are used for the input of any instrument. We can analyze the waveform by plotting amplitude along with the x-axis and y-axis.

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. To learn more, view our Privacy Policy. Log In Sign Up.

Я умер. Но я слышу какие-то звуки. Далекий голос… - Дэвид.

Basic Oscilloscope Operation

Сирены по-прежнему выли. Пять секунд. Шесть секунд.

 Данные? - спросил Бринкерхофф.  - Какие такие данные. Танкадо отдал кольцо. Вот и все доказательства. - Агент Смит, - прервал помощника директор.

In this lab you learn how to use the oscilloscope and function generator When the function generator is turned on, it outputs a sine wave at 1 kHz with amplitude Online:

Это кричала Соши Кута, его технический ассистент, подбегая к платформе с длиннющей распечаткой в руке. У нее был такой вид, словно она только что увидела призрак. - Джабба! - Соши задыхалась.

Сирены по-прежнему выли. Пять секунд. Шесть секунд. - Утечка информации.

Что-то очень простое. - Ой, дорогие мои… - сказала вдруг Соши. Она открыла на экране второе окно и просматривала остальную часть документов Лаборатории вне закона. - В чем дело? - спросил Фонтейн.


Fayme G.


Both function generators and oscilloscopes are highly sophisticated and technologically mature Figure 2: Digital scope display of a 1 kHz sine wave from a function generator and its associated Available online (large PDF) or by request.

Lowell G.


An oscilloscope is a voltmeter that can measure a fast changing wave form. Wave forms. A simple wave form is characterized by its period and amplitude. A.



Function generator specifications vary widely because there are several different types of this test instrument that are available ranging from analogue to digital, and according to their cost.

Thorsten P.


A function generator is a signal source that has the capability of producing different types of waveforms as its output signal.