File Name: international politics power and purpose in global affairs chapter 5.zip
Each chapter worth 1 ECTS is structured in the same way: three issues that resonate with contemporary politics are presented and then studied through the lenses of International Relations.
How do we understand and quantify power? Is the distribution of economic and military resources alone enough to determine system polarity and positions of predominance? Or should we consider other, more diffuse, conceptualizations of power? Can concepts such as soft, structural, agenda-setting and institutional power help us to better interpret international life? This section unpacks different forms of power so as to provide students with a comprehensive toolkit with which to analyse international interactions, events and trends.
Barnett, M and Duvall, R. International Organization 59 1. The international system is anarchic in that there is no overarching authority empowered to adjudicate disputes and differences between states. But interstate dynamics are often based on authority relations between superordinate and subordinate states that allow some actors to control political space and actions.
Building on the understandings of power developed in Section One, here we question the usefulness of anarchy as an analytical category and look at the causal mechanisms which determine economic and political outcomes within the international sphere. Nexon, D and Wright, T. The American Political Science Review 2. Section Three brings together the concepts studied in the previous sections so as to interpret the key theories of International Relations.
Does material power competition within an anarchic system condemn us to constant conflict, as Realism argues? Or should we listen to Liberals, who contend that institutions, free trade and democracy create the conditions for cooperation?
Blair, A. International Politics: An Introductory Guide, pp. What are the structures and interactions which give meaning to a region? Through which processes, and for what reasons, are regions constituted as political, economic, social and security entities? This section examines the ways in which regions both condition and react to a globalizing world, allowing regional clubs of states to act collectively in the pursuit of shared interests.
Collard-Wexler, S. Section Two analyses different forms of regional projects, comparing the economic integration of the European Union with more political and less institutionalized projects in other parts of the world, notably South America. We thus see regional projects which embody and promote fundamentally different ideas on state-society relations, modes of capitalism and the global distribution of power. Regions, in this sense, may either embrace and internalise or counterbalance and tame processes of globalization.
Riggirozzi, P. New Political Economy 17 4. Most conflicts take place within regions or sub-regions, so to what extent can a focus on regional relations help us understand security dynamics? This section looks at regions as security complexes, providing insights into interactions which destabilise regions in security terms as well as those which enhance regional security, both through the easing of intra-regional tensions and the limiting of military incursions or pressures from extra- regional actors.
Whilst during the Cold War security dynamics were overlain by superpower control, now regions have the possibility to collectively manage their own security structures and identity, which has important consequences for reducing conflict.
Fawn, R. Review of International Studies 35 1. The Westphalian System of mutually exclusive territorial units with centralised legal and political authority is at the heart of the modern international system. This section will briefly identify what makes the modern state distinct from previous forms of political order, and how it also constitutes the international system as anarchic.
De facto and de jure, internal and external, positive and negative; all of these binaries will be explored in order to show that despite being at the centre of our understanding of the modern world, it is a highly fluid concept. Why do states behave in the way that they do in global politics?
How are foreign policies made? Is state survival such a pressing issue that all other policies are subordinated to it, as realists would have us believe? Are democracies really more peaceful? To answer all of these questions we have to look into the domestic politics of states, and identify how both the politics i. Russett, B. Smith eds.
Theories of International Relations: Discipline and Diversity. Oxford: Oxford University Press. War is often regarded as destructive — and in many ways it is, not least in terms violence, loss of life, and material damage.
Human rights form a fundamental part of global politics today. Do states protect human rights because they believe it is the right thing to do, or because other states put pressure on them to comply — either by promising incentives or threatening punishment? Under what circumstances can important norms of international society, such as the non-intervention in the domestic affairs of sovereign states, be violated in the name of protecting people from the gravest violations of human rights?
This section answers these questions and more. Emilie M. Hafner-Burton and Kiyoteru Tsutsui. American Journal of Sociology , no. How do individual change the world around them? In global politics there are many ways that do not require using public institutions such as governments — these are non-governmental organisations NGOs that operate in a public space separate from the state — civil society.
The revolution in communication technology has made communication across borders easier and cheaper than ever, it is possible to mobilise public awareness and support for injustices that a few decades ago would have remained unknown.
States are being forced to adapt to the impact of networks of civil society groups operating domestically and transnationally. Keck, M. Sikkink Transnational advocacy networks in international and regional politics. International Social Science Journal 51 : What should be the response of global politics to questions about the un fairness of opportunities for people across the planet?
Throughout the course students will have to carry out five exercises, as listed in the teaching plan. All the exercises will require students to read the set materials and to interpret and critically evaluate these.
Virtual Campus. Academic Office. Module 1: Global 1. Power in the international system How do we understand and quantify power?
International Organization 59 1 1. Anarchy, hierarchy and authority The international system is anarchic in that there is no overarching authority empowered to adjudicate disputes and differences between states. The American Political Science Review 2 1. Theoretical approaches Section Three brings together the concepts studied in the previous sections so as to interpret the key theories of International Relations. Regions, regionalism and regionalisation What are the structures and interactions which give meaning to a region?
Economic and political regionalism — from integration to post-hegemony Section Two analyses different forms of regional projects, comparing the economic integration of the European Union with more political and less institutionalized projects in other parts of the world, notably South America. New Political Economy 17 4 2. Regionalism and security Most conflicts take place within regions or sub-regions, so to what extent can a focus on regional relations help us understand security dynamics?
Sovereignty The Westphalian System of mutually exclusive territorial units with centralised legal and political authority is at the heart of the modern international system. Krasner, S.
Compromising Westphalia. International Security 20 3 : 3. Domestic Politics Why do states behave in the way that they do in global politics? State-building and War War is often regarded as destructive — and in many ways it is, not least in terms violence, loss of life, and material damage. Kaldor, M. New and Old Wars. Cambridge: Policy Press pp. Human Rights Human rights form a fundamental part of global politics today.
Civil Society How do individual change the world around them? Sen, A. The Idea of Justice. Harvard University Press, Chapter 1 — pp. Assessment Students will be assessed on a continual assessment basis and there is no final exam.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. T he world has transformed rapidly in the decade since the end of the Cold War. An old system is gone and, although it is easy to identify what has changed, it is not yet clear that a new system has taken its place. Old patterns have come unstuck, and if new patterns are emerging, it is still too soon to define them clearly. The list of potentially epoch-making changes is familiar by now: the end of an era of bipolarity, a new wave of democratization, increasing globalization of information and economic power, more frequent efforts at international coordination of security policy, a rash of sometimes-violent expressions of claims to rights based on cultural identity, and a redefinition of sovereignty that imposes on states new responsibilities to their citizens and the world community. These transformations are changing much in the world, including, it seems, the shape of organized violence and the ways in which governments and others try to set its limits.
It might seem that the mere existence of a multitude of nation-states, each capable of independent decision and action, would suffice to explain the peaceless state of the world and the power struggles that fill the international arena. Undoubtedly, the anarchical condition inherent in any sytem of multiple sovereignty constitutes one of the prerequisites of international conflict; without it, there could be no international relations, peaceful or non-peaceful. Yet, in the last analysis, it is the goals pursued by the actors and the way they go about pursuing them that determine whether and to what extent the potentialities for power struggle and war are realized. This can be seen by imagining two extreme sets of conditions, both theoretically compatible with a multistate system, in which, as a consequence of the wide differences in the objectives pursued by the states in question as well as in the means they are willing to employ, the chances of peace would stand at opposite poles. Starting at one pole, one can postulate a situation in which all actors are entirely satisfied with the established state of international affairs, and are content, therefore, to concern themselves exclusively with domestic matters.
Perspective And Summary 3. The International Actors 4. International Behavior Space-Time 5. International Expectations And Dispositions 6. International Actor And Situation 7.
chezchevaux.org: International Politics: Power and Purpose in Global Affairs (): D'Anieri, Paul: Books. out of 5 Each chapter sticks to its topic and gives various examples, making the subject matter easy to understand and.
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Section 1. Features of Current International Relations. Major changes have occurred in succession in the world since the start of the s. These include new developments in U. Nineteen seventy-five was the year in which countries around the world gradually emerged from the unrest caused by this series of changes and moves toward making readjustments in various aspects of international relations were evident.
The academic study of international relations can be considered a debate about realism. Realism provides a foil against which many other schools of thought define themselves and their contributions. Take realism out of the picture and the identities of these other schools as well as the significance of their arguments become much less clear. The study of international politics thus is in an important sense inexplicable without a grounding in realism. Gaining such a grounding, however, is harder than it seems.
It is a large and comprehensive area of study that in some academic contexts is a separate discipline from political science. As a separate discipline, international relations or what is sometimes called international studies, international affairs, area studies, global affairs, or global studies is a rich interdisciplinary field of study that draws direct connections to other disciplines such as geography, psychology, demography, history, economics, and feminism, among others. In academia outside the UK and the US, the study of political science is often exclusively the study of international relations. In American academia especially, international relations is typically considered a sub-discipline of the broader field of political science, and for our purposes here, we will view international relations in this context.
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