Plant Layout And Material Handling System In Manufacturing Pdf

plant layout and material handling system in manufacturing pdf

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Raw materials form a critical part of manufacturing as well as service organization. In any organization, a considerable amount of material handling is done in one form or the other. This movement is either done manually or through an automated process.

Material handling involves short-distance movement within the confines of a building or between a building and a transportation vehicle. Material handling plays an important role in manufacturing and logistics. Almost every item of physical commerce has been transported on a conveyor or lift truck or other type of material handling equipment in manufacturing plants, warehouses, and retail stores.

Material handling

Material handling involves short-distance movement within the confines of a building or between a building and a transportation vehicle. Material handling plays an important role in manufacturing and logistics. Almost every item of physical commerce has been transported on a conveyor or lift truck or other type of material handling equipment in manufacturing plants, warehouses, and retail stores.

While material handling is usually required as part of every production worker's job, over , people in the U. Material handling is integral to the design of most production systems since the efficient flow of material between the activities of a production system is heavily dependent on the arrangement or layout of the activities. If two activities are adjacent to each other, then material might easily be handed from one activity to another.

If activities are in sequence, a conveyor can move the material at low cost. If activities are separated, more expensive industrial trucks or overhead conveyors are required for transport. The high cost of using an industrial truck for material transport is due to both the labor costs of the operator and the negative impact on the performance of a production system e.

A unit load is either a single unit of an item, or multiple units so arranged or restricted that they can be handled as a single unit and maintain their integrity. Although granular, liquid, and gaseous materials can be transported in bulk, they can also be contained into unit loads using bags, drums, and cylinders. Unit loads can be used both for in-process handling and for distribution receiving, storing, and shipping.

Unit load design involves determining the type, size, weight, and configuration of the load; the equipment and method used to handle the load; and the methods of forming or building and breaking down the load. For in-process handling, unit loads should not be larger than the production batch size of parts in process. Large production batches used to increase the utilization of bottleneck activities can be split into smaller transfer batches for handling purposes, where each transfer batch contains one or more unit loads, and small unit loads can be combined into a larger transfer batch to allow more efficient transport.

Also, the practical size of a unit load may be limited by the equipment and aisle space available and the need for safe material handling. Manual material handling work contributes to a large percentage of the over half a million cases of musculoskeletal disorders reported annually in the United States. Musculoskeletal disorders often involve strains and sprains to the lower back, shoulders, and upper limbs. Scientific evidence shows that effective ergonomic interventions can lower the physical demands of MMH work tasks, thereby lowering the incidence and severity of the musculoskeletal injuries they can cause.

But very often productivity gets an additional and solid shot in the arm when managers and workers take a fresh look at how best to use energy, equipment, and exertion to get the job done in the most efficient, effective, and effortless way possible.

Planning that applies these principles can result in big wins for all concerned. It can expose workers to physical dangers that can lead to injuries: a large percentage of the over half a million cases of musculoskeletal disorders reported in the U.

Ergonomic improvements can be used to modify manual handling tasks to reduce injury. Using the exact conditions of the lift height, distance lifted, weight, position of weight relative to body, asymmetrical lifts, and objects that are difficult to grasp , six multipliers are used to reduce the maximum recommended weight for less than ideal lifting tasks. Whenever technically and economically feasible, equipment can be used to reduce and sometimes replace the need to manually handle material.

However, ongoing advances in sensing, machine intelligence, and robotics have made it possible to fully automate an increasing number of handling tasks. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sub-discipline of mechanical engineering. Main article: Ergonomics for manual material handling. Main article: Manual handling of loads. Management of Business Logistics. Mason, OH: South-Western.

Retrieved Material Handling System Design. New York: Ronald. Factory Physics. Long Grove, IL: Waveland. Basics of Material Handling. Manufacturing Facilities: Location, Planning, and Design. Boston: PWS. Modeling and Analysis of Manufacturing Systems. New York: Wiley. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Retrieved 6 February California Department of Industrial Relations. Roadmap" PDF. January Archived from the original PDF on December The World Bank.

Industrial engineering methods. Process analysis Motion studies Time and motion study Cognitive work analysis Production leveling Material handling.

Categories : Material handling Material-handling equipment. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Look up material handling in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

CHAPTER 1 MATERIALS HANDLING SYSTEM DESIGN

Skip to content. Toggle navigation. Author : Matthew P. The book takes a practical, hands-on, project-oriented approach to exploring the techniques and procedures for developing an efficient facility layout. It also introduces state-of-the-art tools including computer simulation. Access to Layout-iQ workspace planning software is included for purchasers of the book.

Skip to Main Content. A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions. Integrated facility layout and material handling system design in semiconductor fabrication facilities Abstract: Semiconductor manufacturing is an important component of the U. Most of today's fabrication facilities and those being designed for the near future use a bay layout configuration and an overhead monorail system for moving material between bays. These material handling systems are usually designed with a spine or perimeter type of configuration. This paper investigates the layout and material handling system design integration problem in semiconductor fabrication facilities and proposes a methodology for solving this integrated design problem.

Noble, J. November 1, November ; 4 : — Material flow system design problems i. Independent consideration of each design problem has reduced the solution complexity, but in the process has caused a loss in problem reality. The formulation is solved using the meta-heuristic procedure of tabu search to find good solutions to the more realistic and more complex model formulation.

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