File Name: jung anima and animus .zip
Abstract The primary aim of this paper is to conduct a psychological inquiry into the archetypes of anima and animusthe contrasexual aspects of the psychewithin the dynamics of a heterosexual relationship when the male has an undeveloped anima and the female has an undeveloped animus. The words anima and animus derive from the Latin word animare Sanford, which means to bring to life. The intention throughout the paper, however, is to remain intimate with Jungs original thoughts on anima and animus.
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The anima and animus are described in Carl Jung's school of analytical psychology as part of his theory of the collective unconscious. Jung described the animus as the unconscious masculine side of a woman, and the anima as the unconscious feminine side of a man, each transcending the personal psyche.
Jung's theory states that the anima and animus are the two primary anthropomorphic archetypes of the unconscious mind , as opposed to the theriomorphic and inferior function of the shadow archetypes. He believed they are the abstract symbol sets that formulate the archetype of the Self.
In Jung's theory, the anima makes up the totality of the unconscious feminine psychological qualities that a man possesses and the animus the masculine ones possessed by a woman. He did not believe they were an aggregate of father or mother, brothers, sisters, aunts, uncles, or teachers, though these aspects of the personal unconscious can influence a person's anima or animus.
Jung believed a male's sensitivity is often lesser or repressed, and therefore considered the anima one of the most significant autonomous complexes. Jung believed the anima and animus manifest themselves by appearing in dreams and influence a person's attitudes and interactions with the opposite sex.
A natural understanding of another member of the opposite sex is instilled in individuals that stems from constant subjection to members of the opposite sex. This instilment leads to the development of the anima and animus.
Anima originated from Latin, and was originally used to describe ideas such as breath, soul, spirit or vital force. Jung began using the term in the early s to describe the inner feminine side of men. Animus originated from Latin, where it was used to describe ideas such as the rational soul, life, mind, mental powers, courage or desire. In , it began being used as a term in Jungian psychology to describe the masculine side of women.
Jung believed anima development has four distinct levels, which in "The psychology of the transference" he named Eve , Helen , Mary and Sophia. In broad terms, the entire process of anima development in a man is about the male subject opening up to emotionality, and in that way a broader spirituality , by creating a new conscious paradigm that includes intuitive processes, creativity and imagination, and psychic sensitivity towards himself and others where it might not have existed previously.
The first is Eve , named after the Genesis account of Adam and Eve. It deals with the emergence of a man's object of desire. The anima is completely tied up with woman as provider of nourishment, security and love.
The man at this anima level cannot function well without a woman, and is more likely to be controlled by her. He is often impotent or has no sexual desire. The second is Helen , an allusion to Helen of Troy in Greek mythology. In this phase, women are viewed as capable of worldly success and of being self-reliant, intelligent and insightful, even if not altogether virtuous. This second phase is meant to show a strong schism in external talents cultivated business and conventional skills with lacking internal qualities inability for virtue, lacking faith or imagination.
The third phase is Mary , named after the Christian theological understanding of the Virgin Mary Jesus' mother. At this level, women can now seem to possess virtue by the perceiving man even if in an esoteric and dogmatic way , in as much as certain activities deemed consciously unvirtuous cannot be applied to her. The fourth and final phase of anima development is Sophia , named after the Greek word for wisdom.
Complete integration has now occurred, which allows women to be seen and related to as particular individuals who possess both positive and negative qualities. The most important aspect of this final level is that, as the personification "Wisdom" suggests, the anima is now developed enough that no single object can fully and permanently contain the images to which it is related.
Jung focused more on the man's anima and wrote less about the woman's animus. Jung believed that every woman has an analogous animus within her psyche , this being a set of unconscious masculine attributes and potentials. He viewed the animus as being more complex than the anima, postulating that women have a host of animus images whereas the male anima consists only of one dominant image. Jung stated that there are four parallel levels of animus development in a woman.
The animus "first appears as a personification of mere physical power - for instance as an athletic champion or muscle man , such as 'the fictional jungle hero Tarzan '". In the next phase, the animus "possesses initiative and the capacity for planned action In the third phase "the animus becomes the word , often appearing as a professor or clergyman On this highest level he becomes like the anima a mediator of The four roles are not identical with genders reversed.
Jung believed that while the anima tended to appear as a relatively singular female personality, the animus may consist of a conjunction of multiple male personalities: "in this way the unconscious symbolizes the fact that the animus represents a collective rather than a personal element". The process of animus development deals with cultivating an independent and non-socially subjugated idea of self by embodying a deeper word as per a specific existential outlook and manifesting this word. To clarify, this does not mean that a female subject becomes more set in her ways as this word is steeped in emotionality, subjectivity, and a dynamism just as a well-developed anima is but that she is more internally aware of what she believes and feels, and is more capable of expressing these beliefs and feelings.
Thus the "animus in his most developed form sometimes Both final stages of animus and anima development have dynamic qualities related to the motion and flux of this continual developmental process , open-ended qualities there is no static perfected ideal or manifestation of the quality in question , and pluralistic qualities which transcend the need for a singular image, as any subject or object can contain multiple archetypes or even seemingly antithetical roles.
They also form bridges to the next archetypal figures to emerge, as "the unconscious again changes its dominant character and appears in a new symbolic form, representing the Self ".
Jungians warned that "every personification of the unconscious - the shadow , the anima, the animus, and the Self - has both a light and a dark aspect One danger was of what Jung termed "invasion" of the conscious by the unconscious archetype - "Possession caused by the anima The anima is thereby forced into the inner world, where she functions as the medium between the ego and the unconscious, as does the persona between the ego and the environment".
Alternatively, over-awareness of the anima or animus could provide a premature conclusion to the individuation process - "a kind of psychological short-circuit, to identify the animus at least provisionally with wholeness". This identification is a regular occurrence when the shadow, the dark side, has not been sufficiently realized".
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jungian theory. For the album by The Creatures, see Anima Animus. An Introduction to the Theories of Personality. Retrieved The Psychology of the Unconscious , Dvir Co. Jung, Alchemical Studies London p. Carl Jung.
Analytical psychology Cognitive functions Interpretation of religion Personality type Synchronicity Theory of neurosis. Active imagination Enantiodromia Extraversion and introversion Individuation Participation mystique.
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Anima Animus Jungian Theory
The anima and animus are described in Carl Jung's school of analytical psychology as part of his theory of the collective unconscious. Jung described the animus as the unconscious masculine side of a woman, and the anima as the unconscious feminine side of a man, each transcending the personal psyche. Jung's theory states that the anima and animus are the two primary anthropomorphic archetypes of the unconscious mind , as opposed to the theriomorphic and inferior function of the shadow archetypes. He believed they are the abstract symbol sets that formulate the archetype of the Self. In Jung's theory, the anima makes up the totality of the unconscious feminine psychological qualities that a man possesses and the animus the masculine ones possessed by a woman. He did not believe they were an aggregate of father or mother, brothers, sisters, aunts, uncles, or teachers, though these aspects of the personal unconscious can influence a person's anima or animus.
An Exploration of Anima and Animus in Jungian Theory
Psyche ; Soul ; Spirit ; Mind. The anima is the unconscious feminine image in men, and the animus is the unconscious masculine image in women. Jung holds to a balance view of the psyche much like the concept of homeostasis in biology.
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