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- Clean: A History of Personal Hygiene and Purity
- Journal of Social History
- Clean: a history of personal hygiene and purity
- Book Review
Judith Ridner does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. The surfactants found in soap lift germs from the skin , and water then washes them away.
Clean: A History of Personal Hygiene and Purity
Virginia Smith. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Clean: A History of Personal Hygiene and Purity is an immensely readable book that discusses a critical aspect of our lives affecting our bodies every day; that is, cleanliness. The norms governing what is perceived as clean and good are defined by society and culture, and studying them can yield a fascinating social and cultural history of preventive medicine. Virginia Smith adds a temporal dimension to how societies and cultures have re interpreted matters relating to cleanliness, purity, and hygiene. She considers three--or even four--historical dimensions piled on top of one another, overlapping through time in the ten chapters of this book. Cleanliness, according to Smith, represents an ancient craving of humans to groom the self, a primordial, "neolithic," love of beauty.
Gwen Kay, V irginia S mith. New York: Oxford University Press. Who wants to read a book about being clean? Anyone interested in history of the body, of medicine, of public health, social history, or health fads, to name a few. In her survey of cleanliness, hygiene, and purity, Virginia Smith covers a lot of ground. An expansion of her dissertation both physically and temporally, her study examines grooming, exercise, diet, religion, and the social implications of the same from ancient Egypt to the present.
Journal of Social History
Historical and social aspects of halitosis. I Dental Surgeon, Ph. Full Professor, e-mail: caroline eerp. Buccal odors have always been a factor of concern for society. Lack of knowledge on how to prevent halitosis allows for its occurrence, limiting quality of life. As social relationships are one of the pillars of the quality of life concept, halitosis needs to be considered a factor of negative interference.
Islamic hygienical jurisprudence includes a number of regulations involving cleanliness during salat obligatory prayer through wudu partial ablution and ghusl full ablution , as well as dietary laws and toilet etiquette for Muslims. The fiqh Islamic jurisprudence is based on admonitions in the Quran for Muslims to be ritually clean whenever possible, as well as in hadith literature words, actions, or habits of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Cleanliness is an important part of Islam, including Quranic verses that teach how to achieve ritual cleanliness. Keeping oral hygiene through cleaning the teeth with the use of a form of toothbrush called miswak is considered sunnah , the way of Prophet Muhammad. Ritual ablution is also very important, as observed by the practices of wudu , ghusl , and tayammum water-free alternative using any natural surface such as rock, sand, or dust. In Muslim-majority countries , bathrooms are often equipped with a bidet. This ablution is required in order to maintain ritual cleanliness.
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Clean: a history of personal hygiene and purity
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Access options available:. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Though her history of the topic of cleanliness is largely a medical history, it is rich with all sorts of insights, a number of which are provided through her forays into kindred disciplines.
In this text Virginia Smith sets out to produce the twenty first century's general, but serious, history of hygiene.
Search this site. What exactly are 'purity rules'? And why have baths scarcely changed in years? The long history of personal hygiene and purity is a fascinating subject that reveals how closely we are linked to our deeper past. In this pioneering book, Virginia Smith covers the global history of human body-care from the Neolithic to the present, using first-hand accounts and sources. From pre-historic grooming rituals to New Age medicine, from ascetics to cosmetics, Smith looks at how different cultures have interpreted and striven for personal cleanliness and shows how, throughout history, this striving for purity has brought great social benefits as well as great tragedies. It is probably safe to say that no-one who reads this book will look at his or her body or bathroom in quite the same way again.
Virginia Smith. Clean: a history of personal hygiene and purity. Oxford University Press. Cleanliness is next to godliness, table manners, monetary exchange and a host of other human behaviours; how has it escaped the notice of anthropologists, ethnologists and historians for so long? One of Virginia Smith's many accomplishments in this excellent study is integrating the philosophies and practices central to the subject. Cleanliness is part of medical routines essential for the prevention of disease; it has an aesthetic foundation in the human love of order and beauty and the exercise of such on the body; and it has a moral dimension in perceptions of purity, that of the body in harmony with the soul. By explaining the contradictions inherent in these concepts, the author identifies why the very few previous publications on cleanliness have dealt with either theories of hygiene or related inventions, but not both.
И что. Хейл понимал: то, что он сейчас скажет, либо принесет ему свободу, либо станет его смертным приговором. Он набрал в легкие воздуха. - Вы хотите приделать к Цифровой крепости черный ход. Его слова встретило гробовое молчание. Хейл понял, что попал в яблочко.
Да будет. - Хейл вроде бы затрубил отбой. - Теперь это не имеет значения. У вас есть ТРАНСТЕКСТ. У вас есть возможность мгновенно получать информацию.
- Посылает сообщение о том, что Танкадо ликвидирован. Сьюзан повернулась к Беккеру и усмехнулась: - Похоже, у этого Халохота дурная привычка сообщать об убийстве, когда жертва еще дышит. Камера последовала за Халохотом, двинувшимся в направлении жертвы. Внезапно откуда-то появился пожилой человек, подбежал к Танкадо и опустился возле него на колени.
В одной урановое, в другой плутониевое. Это два разных элемента. Люди на подиуме перешептывались.
Если там и произошло что-то неприятное, то дело не в вирусах. Молчание. - Мидж. Ты меня слышишь. От ее слов повеяло ледяным холодом: - Джабба, я выполняю свои должностные обязанности.
Цепная мутация, сэр. Я проделал анализ и получил именно такой результат - цепную мутацию.